Fischer and Thauer 1990

Ferredoxin-dependent methane formation from acetate in cell extracts of Methanosarcina barkeri (strain MS). FEBS Letters, 269, 368-372.

Fischer R. & Thauer R.K.



Cell extracts of Methanosarcina barkeri grown on acetate catalyzed the conversion of acetyl-CoA to CO2 and CH4 at a specific rate of 50 nmol min-1 mg-1. When ferredoxin was removed from the extracts by DEAE-Sephacel anion exchange chromatography, the extracts were inactive but full activity was restored upon addition of purified ferredoxin from M. barkeri or from Clostridium pasteurianum. The apparent Km for ferredoxin from M. barkeri was determined to be 2.5 M. A ferredoxin dependence was also found for the formation of CO2, H2 and methylcoenzyme M from acetyl-CoA, when methane formation was inhibited by bromoethanesulfonate. Reduction of methyl-coenzyme M with H2 did not require ferredoxin. These and other data indicate that ferredoxin is involved as electron carrier in methanogenesis from acetate. Methanogenesis from acetyl-CoA in cell extracts was not dependent on the membrane fraction, which contains the cytochromes.