Microbiology

Fischer et al. 1992

N-Methyltetrahydromethanopterin:coenzyme M methyltransferase in methanogenic bacteria is a membrane protein. Arch. Microbiol., 158, 208-217.

Fischer R., Gärtner P., Yeliseev A. & Thauer R.K.

 

Abstract

An assay is described that allows the direct measurement of the enzyme activity catalyzing the transfer of the methyl group from N5-methyltetrahydromethanopterin (CH3-H4MPT) to coenzyme M (H-S-CoM) in methanogenic archaebacteria. With this method the topology, the partial purification, and the catalytic properties of the methyltransferase in methanol- and acetate-grown Methanosarcina barkeri and in H2/CO(2)-grown Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum were studied. The enzyme activity was found to be associated almost completely with the membrane fraction and to require detergents for solubilization. The transferase activity in methanol-grown M. barkeri was studied in detail. The membrane fraction exhibited a specific activity of CH3-S-CoM formation from CH3-H4MPT (apparent Km = 50 microM) and H-S-CoM (apparent Km = 250 microM) of approximately 0.6 mumol.min-1.mg protein-1. For activity the presence of Ti(III) citrate (apparent Km = 15 microM) and of ATP (apparent Km = 30 microM) were required in catalytic amounts. Ti(III) could be substituted by reduced ferredoxin. ATP could not be substituted by AMP, CTP, GTP, S-adenosylmethionine, or by ATP analogues. The membrane fraction was methylated by CH3-H4MPT in the absence of H-S-CoM. This methylation was dependent on Ti(III) and ATP. The methylated membrane fraction catalyzed the methyltransfer from CH3-H4MPT to H-S-CoM in the absence of ATP and Ti(III). Demethylation in the presence of H-S-CoM also did not require Ti(III) or ATP. Based on these findings a mechanism for the methyltransfer reaction and for the activation of the enzyme is proposed.

 

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