Zhang et al. 2003

The accumulation of cytoplasmic dynein and dynactin at microtubule plus-ends is kinesin dependent in Aspergillus nidulans. Mol. Biol. Cell., 14, 1479-1488.


Zhang, J., Li, S., Fischer, R. & Xiang, X.



The mechanism(s) by which microtubule plus-end tracking proteins are targeted is unknown. In the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans, both cytoplasmic dynein and NUDF, the homolog of the LIS1 protein, localize to microtubule plus ends as comet-like structures. Herein, we show that NUDM, the p150 subunit of dynactin, also forms dynamic comet-like structures at microtubule plus ends. By examining proteins tagged with green fluorescent protein in different loss-of-function mutants, we demonstrate that dynactin and cytoplasmic dynein require each other for microtubule plus-end accumulation, and the presence of cytoplasmic dynein is also important for NUDF's plus-end accumulation. Interestingly, deletion of NUDF increases the overall accumulation of dynein and dynactin at plus ends, suggesting that NUDF may facilitate minus-end-directed dynein movement. Finally, we demonstrate that a conventional kinesin, KINA, is required for the microtubule plus-end accumulation of cytoplasmic dynein and dynactin, but not of NUDF.